Showing posts with label Cross. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Cross. Show all posts

Wednesday, 18 February 2009

The Pilgrims' Cross, Nevern, Pembrokeshire

(Click photos to enlarge).

On the outskirts of the village and just a short walk uphill from St Brynach's Church is Nevern Castle, the site of a pre-Norman native Welsh stronghold. The path to the top is known as the Pilgrims' route, and passes a cross - also believed to be at least "pre-Norman" (if not dating from a whole lot earlier) - carved into the rock face of the hillside.

One theory has it that the cross is not carved into the rockface, as such, but into the stone of a bricked-up entrance to a cave. What is inside the cave? Well, that's a matter of some speculation...

In the next photo I asked my father to point out the cross, mainly to give an idea of scale.

Here is a close-up of the cross carving:

And closer still (below) we see that visitors have been pressing coins into the spaces in the rock face. This practice is quite worrying as it could damage the carving. But if you're short of a few pence with which to buy a packet of nuts in the local pub, then you know where to come.

Date visited: 13 February 2009

Sunday, 15 February 2009

The Church of St Brynach, Nevern, Pembrokeshire

(Click photos to enlarge).

The small village of Nevern lies just a few miles east of Newport in Pembrokeshire, and is well worth a visit for a number of reasons. Its church has some very interesting features, whilst a short walk away from the church is the Pilgrims' Cross (which I shall feature in a separate post).

The church of St Brynach is said to date back to the 6th Century. That is not to say that all of the building we see today is from that era. The tower in the first photo is a Norman addition.

To the east of the porch stands the Vitalianus Stone. Believed to date back to the 5th Century the stone features both Ogham and Latin inscriptions (VITALIANI EMERETO in Latin, and VITALIANI in Ogham).

A short distance further to the east stands a magnificient "Celtic" cross known simply as the Great Cross. This is thought to date to the 10th or 11th Centuries.

Standing at 13 feet in height the Great Cross is believed to be one of the most perfect specimens of its kind.

Inside the church in the nave there are a pair of stones embedded into the window sills.

The first is known as the Maglocunus Stone and again we see more Ogham and (fainter at the top) Latin inscriptions. The translation reads "(THE MONUMENT) OF MAGLOCUNUS (MAELGWN) SON OF CLUTORIUS".

In the adjacent window sill there is embedded the Cross Stone. This shows a form of "Celtic" cross made of intertwining cords, and resembling a prone human figure.

Outside again and on the north wall of the church on the sill of the second chancel window, we find the so-called "Imperfect Incised Stone". You can just make out a few letters from a vertical Latin inscription that has been turned through 90 degrees and is most likely an example of a stone being re-cut and re-used.

Finally, in the avenue of yew trees leading from the gate to the porch, there is one particular yew tree that has a legend all of its own. Known as the Bleeding Yew, this tree has been "bleeding" its red sticky sap from a lower limb for as long as everyone can remember. The legend apparently is that the tree will bleed "until a Welshman is once again Lord of the castle on the hill". As a small child I remember visiting this tree and the story I heard at the time was that the blood was supposed to be (or represent) the blood of Christ. I cannot back up this alternate "legend" as it was only hearsay or perhaps being only six or seven years old at the time I got the wrong end of the stick.

However, I was somewhat alarmed to discover on this visit that the branch in question has been removed, but as can clearly be seen in my photo above there are two openings in the stump of the missing branch through which the sap has been flowing.

Date visited: 13 February 2009

Wednesday, 7 January 2009

"Celtic" Cross, St. Cledwyn’s Church, Llanglydwen, Carmarthenshire

(Click photo to enlarge)

Here's another stone in a churchyard. This rough "Celtic" cross is to be found just inside the entrance of Llanglydwen Church in Carmarthenshire and - according to the Crymych Group of Churches website - it is believed to date from between the 7th and 9th Centuries. (St. Cledwyn's Church itself dates back to the 13th Century). Note the carving on the front of the stone.

Date visited: 27 December 2008